Ukraine has a rich natural environment. Much of the country is covered in chernozems, which are among the world’s most fertile soils. The mountains in Ukraine range from 2,000 to 6,500 feet in height. The highest peak is Mount Hoverla at 6,762 feet. The country’s landscape also features lowland regions and lowland plains.
Since the rise of Russia, Ukraine has sought closer ties with the EU and NATO. However, this led to tensions with Russia. As a result, President Yanukovych, under pressure from Moscow, scrapped plans to formalize closer ties with the EU. This was seen by many Ukrainians as a betrayal. This led to a countrywide protest, dubbed Euromaidan.
Before the 18th century, most of the land in present-day Ukraine was ruled by the Polish-Lithuanian nobility. The people of this area tended to be Orthodox, and formed semi-autonomous states known as Cossack statelets. The Cossack statelets were often allied with Muscovite Russia. In 1648, the Zaporizhian Cossacks staged a major uprising against the Polish overlords. As a result, the Tsardom of Russia signed an alliance treaty with the Zaporizhian Cossacks.
Ukraine is located in the Eastern European part of Europe and borders the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the north and south. The country has large concentrations of mineral resources such as iron ore, magnesium, bauxite, and manganese. Several oil and gas reserves have been found in Ukraine, as well as natural gas and petroleum.
Although the media in Ukraine is largely free, a few outlets have been targeted for perceived pro-Russian editorial policies. The Ukrainian National Security and Defence Council adopted personal sanctions against prominent Ukrainians, including parliamentarian Taras Kozak. The sanctions included the seizure of his commercial assets. Kozak also lost his broadcasting licences.
President Trump’s rhetoric about Ukraine has rubbed off on other world leaders. His anti-Russia rhetoric has reportedly led US President Donald Trump to say that Ukraine is “not a real country” and had always been part of Russia. But is this rhetoric a sign of hard-nosed realpolitik? We can only guess.
Thousands of civilians have been killed in Russia’s attacks on Ukraine, and many more are forced to flee the country. This has resulted in the displacement of more than seven million people, with most of them women and children. The damage is extensive and the situation is deteriorating. The world needs to do all it can to protect these people and the world’s neighbors.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine has led to a serious escalation of the conflict. It has also led to the fastest displacement crisis in Europe since World War II. The Ukraine’s government has rejected Russia’s demands, and there is little chance of diplomacy in the coming months.