During the early 20th century, Russia was the principal part of the Soviet Union. In 1917, the Bolsheviks murdered the Tsar and later dubbed themselves “Communists.” These revolutionaries had been influenced by Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. They formed the first Marxist Communist State. The name “Russia” is derived from the word “Rus'” which means “people of the Rus’.” These people, like their European counterparts, are genetically identical to the Baltic gene pool. They share a number of historical and cultural traits.
In the 20th century, Russia produced world-renowned composers including Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Rachmaninoff, and Dmitry Shostakovich. They also produced many famous pianists, including Vladimir Ashkenazy. However, Russians are facing serious social problems today.
The Russian government has adopted a series of laws to curb freedom of speech. These laws include prison sentences for libel and spreading false news, and fines for insulting the state. This has led to an increase in censorship of the media. In December 2021, the Ministry of Justice listed 86 non-governmental organizations as foreign agents. This includes the Memorial International, which was one of the most respected human rights organizations. It was shut down by the Russian Supreme Court.
The Russian government has also been implementing registration rules that target migrants from Central Asia and the Caucasus. These rules make it difficult to register opposition parties or other groups. The rules have also been used to target private businesses. These companies are often targeted for extortion.
There are also numerous restrictions on freedom of assembly. These rules target “extremist” groups and ethnic minorities. The government has also increased the censorship of social media. Some universities have banned student participation in antigovernment rallies.
The Russian government has been accused of using violence to retain control over areas with many ethnic Russians. Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov is accused of assassinating political opponents in exile. His government was involved in a war in Chechnya in the 2000s.
The government is also accused of attempting to takeover key industries. These takeovers have illustrated the fragility of property rights under Putin’s rule. Many senior officials use government positions to accumulate large property holdings. Many of the officials have openly endorsed President Putin’s policy goals. The judiciary lacks independence from the executive branch and tends to be promoted from within.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has banned extremist organizations from seeking public office. The Russian president signed a law on undesirable organizations in December 2021. He also signed a law in 2015 that gave the Russian judiciary the authority to overrule decisions made by international courts.
The Russian government has also banned more than four million employees of the military and security services from traveling outside of Russia. This has resulted in a decrease in the country’s population. The population is estimated to have dropped by 0.085% in 2008.
The Russian government has also banned members of extremist organizations from joining political parties. The government has also banned the formation of ethnic parties.