World news or international news or foreign coverage is the media jargon for reporting on news that originates outside of one’s own country. This is a distinct field of journalism and often differs from “national” news, which typically covers events that are directly relevant to one’s own country or national institutions.
There are several subfields of world journalism, including war reporting and international summits. Historically, news from abroad was sent by reporters on special missions or envoys, often from newspapers or other media of the countries in question (although now most world news is provided electronically through news agencies).
An envoy is a reporter who is sent overseas to cover a particular subject, usually for a long period of time. He or she may have a permanent contract with a news organization, or work as a stringer, producing material for different media outlets at the same time.
A correspondent is a reporter who is assigned to a specific area or region of a country, often in the capital city. He or she reports regularly to the news editor and gathers materials from local officials, members of the community and the local media.
For example, a reporter assigned to Russia would report on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. He or she could also cover an event in the US, whose government is involved in the war.
There are several subfields of world journalism, although war reporting is the most well-known. The field can also include reporting on international summits, as well as stories on other subjects such as trade and travel. Unlike national news, which is generally focused on issues related to the local population, world news often focuses on the general condition of the global economy or international political affairs.