In addition to the human cost, the effects of war are incredibly destructive to the world. Health systems, education, home, work, and even the supply of food and water all suffer greatly in times of war. Civilian rights also suffer and accountability for state abuses is severely limited or non-existent. In fact, children’s rights are among the worst affected, as are the rights of women and minorities. Even children who were once considered innocent are now among the most vulnerable people on the planet.
A working definition of war allows for more flexibility than the OED’s definition, allowing for the study of war between non-state peoples, culture-based wars, and non-declared wars. It also permits the study of wars that are not governed by any central controlling body, and it also recognizes that many forms of war may have emerged spontaneously. The working definition of war can also encompass a variety of approaches that may not be directly relevant to the causes of the conflict, and may even be irrelevant in some cases.
There are various philosophical and political definitions of war. In order to understand what war is, students of philosophy must carefully examine these definitions. Moreover, they must be very careful in reading proposed definitions of war because they often conceal the philosophical stance of the author. The purpose of this article is to offer a comprehensive view of the philosophy of war, and to help guide students through the complex terrain of this subject. If you’re interested in exploring war and its causes, consider the following:
One school of scholars postulates that the major causes of war are rooted in the psychological nature of man. They range from intuitive assertions about human nature to complex analyses of human behavior. The works of philosophers such as St. Augustine, Benedict de Spinoza, and Edmund Burke are examples of this school. They cite the importance of “soft morality” and “trade” in abolishing bellicose cultural tendencies. This school does not exclude other causes of war, but it does make a compelling case for external penalties.
One of the key differences between the two approaches is the definition of a war. While the word “war” has a more generic meaning than “justice,” it does not necessarily reflect the goals of the war. The goal of war is to impose a nation’s will upon its enemies. Its definition is flexible to accommodate the changing national will and variables of international relations. However, the calculus is based on political calculation and cost-benefit analysis. Furthermore, the calculus is not confined to the monetary cost, but rather also depends on the available means and strategic vision of the nation.
Although the United States has formally declared war on 11 occasions since its inception, the majority of times, the decision was not taken based on such a precedent. The last formal declaration of war, however, was formally adopted by Congress during World War II. Despite these limitations, the rules of war are still a significant part of U.S. military policy and continue to shape it. But the conflict over the rule of law, and other factors, must be considered as well.