Generally speaking, war is a highly violent and destructive act undertaken by a group of people against another. It can include extreme violence such as rape. War is a last resort that must be justified by a larger good than harm. A war may be a political or military affair. There are rules of engagement to protect civilians and combatants.
Theories of war have evolved over time. While there are numerous schools of thought, the most common approaches are generally divided into two schools: the social and the psychological. Each of these schools has its own advantages and disadvantages, but there are several similarities between the two.
The social school is based on theories of human behaviour and motivation. These theories range from innate biological drives to social institutions to man’s psychological nature. In the modern era, these theories have been interpreted in a wide range of ways from intuitive assertions to complex analyses based on contemporary psychology.
The psychological school postulates that the most important causes of war are found in man’s nature. It includes a variety of ethical teachings. Some of the key ones are freedom, God’s glory and freedom of speech.
There are also a number of political and economic factors. In wartime, the rights of women and children are often trampled on. They are especially vulnerable to attacks, such as rape and murder. The right of freedom of expression is sometimes violated. Political leaders have incentive to use violence in order to advance their vision.
War is a social phenomenon, and it can have a huge impact on millions of individuals. Studies indicate that up to 90% of casualties in a modern conflict are civilians. Children and women are more likely to die than soldiers. Furthermore, the costs of a war are high, which means that countries have strong incentives to avoid escalating their conflicts. This may lead to nuclear war.
When discussing the causes of war, we must keep in mind that the rules of engagement are essential. War should only be fought with the right weapons and tactics. Using land mines or other indiscriminate weapons can kill both combatants and civilians.
In addition, the rules of war should be governed by international humanitarian law. These laws are used to determine the guilt of war crimes. For example, a country has a moral obligation to investigate allegations of war crimes, and to punish those responsible. Several ad hoc tribunals have been created to deal with conflicts in Lebanon, Cambodia, and the former Yugoslavia.
The psychological school is also aware of the role that the laws of war play in shaping human expectations. Although there is no consensus on what the most effective war measure is, one of the most significant is the bombing of a country. By doing this, a country can resolve a deep-seated conflict. Additionally, bombing a country can be a great way to promote peace.
The most important of all is that war is a last resort. If a nation has no other option for resolving a dispute, it goes to war. However, it is often impossible to avoid a war altogether.