The unrest in Russia has primarily been in the Caucasus region. Conflicts between ethnic groups in these regions have cost the lives of thousands of Russians. These non-Russian territories are seeking independence and Russian authorities are terrified this process will destabilize the country. Some Russians have fought for independence, including the Russian territory of Chechnya, while others have resisted independence, like the Republic of Armenia. If the process of secession continues, Russia will be forced to deal with the consequences.
During the presidency of Vladimir Putin, Russia’s economy experienced substantial growth. This growth inspired foreign investors to pump money into the country’s economy. In 2008, Moscow claimed to have more billionaires than any other city in the world. While the country has been successful in reestablishing itself in the world economy, much of Russia remains impoverished and prone to social problems. To counter this, Russia’s government is working on measures to reduce poverty in the country and improve its education system.
One of the most striking features of Russia is its geography. The majority of the country is above 50 degrees north, with the Arctic Circle running through the middle. During World War II, this region was kept out of Nazi hands, so it was vitally important to develop industries in the area. Currently, Russian oil and gas exploration has increased its export profits. Its largely-developed infrastructure has made Russia a major economic force. There are numerous opportunities in the area.
The country’s religious and cultural diversity is diverse. The majority of its population is Russian, with other ethnic groups representing around twenty-one regions. However, ethnic groups in Russia do not share the same culture as their neighbors. Most of them practice a different language and practice their religion. As a result, the Russian state is largely secular, although religious traditions vary. During the Cold War, Russia was at war with Ukraine and the United States.
In the core region, environmental issues exist due to the vast amounts of industrial activity. Industrial cities in the Far East contribute to water pollution by introducing sewage and chemicals into the water. The Far East is on the periphery of Russia’s productivity. The influx of automobiles has led to significant pollution. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, this region has been largely neglected. As a result, it is considered an “underdeveloped” region of Russia.
Throughout history, the Soviet Union has had a turbulent past. The Soviet Union was founded after the 1917 civil war and emerged as a Marxist totalitarian state. The Communist regime was maintained despite its many hardships – millions of Soviet citizens were killed during purges. Despite this, the Soviet Union under Mikhail Gorbachev’s policies attempted to reform the country. However, this reform failed, and Russia was back to its former Soviet self.
In the 1990s, the North Caucasus was a hotbed of conflict, with local ethnic battles and separatist Islamic insurrections. In the early part of the decade, Chechen separatists declared independence, and a war broke out between Russian troops and the rebel groups. In the same decade, Russia was rocked by numerous terrorist attacks, including the hostage crisis in a Moscow theater and the Beslan school siege. Vladimir Putin, the president since 2000, also made a sweeping reform of its military and security apparatus.