Several countries operate state-run news services. Other governments have imposed constraints on news reporting, such as not reporting news that does not clearly indicate an editorial viewpoint.
News coverage may focus on global, national, or local subjects. Some stories may contain violence or scandal. The impact of a news story on a reader is determined by the audience’s reaction. The “Five Ws” of a news story – Who, What, When, Where, and Why – are the basic elements of news.
In the 20th century, radio and television became important means of transmitting news. A correspondent gathers materials from news organizations in his or her local area, maintains contacts with other journalists, and files the stories to a news editor.
During a period of crisis, the Internet may become a major news propagation channel. For example, during a government crackdown, the Internet may play a key role in spreading the news. In this case, a story that is timely will receive more coverage.
In recent years, insurgencies and civil wars have displaced massive numbers of people. Insecurity is rising in nation after nation. Hundreds of millions of children have been caught up in intersecting crises, such as child marriage, which has risen to its highest level in 25 years.
As the world warms, extreme weather events have become more common. In addition, mental health issues have increased. Several countries are grappling with job losses and isolation. Children have also been locked out of school for months or years at a time.